The genetic improvement program at Bosques Amazónicos BAM contributes to the recovery and conservation of highly threatened native species. This is the case of the shihuahuaco (Dipteryx micrantha), one of the most attractive species in the international market due to its hardness and quality of its wood as well as its excellent capacity to resist pests and moisture damage. For decades, this species, similar to the mahogany tree, has been over-exploited to supply growing demand in the national and international market for inputs for floors, decks and other structures. According to statistics from the National Forest Service for Wild Flora and Fauna of Peru (SERFOR), it is estimated that over a period of ten years, approximately 74 shihuahuaco trees were extracted a day in Peru. This number is particularly astounding given that it represents a loss of 579,459 specimens by 2025 and indicates that by 2030, this valuable species will be extinct in two of the most important forest regions of Peru: Loreto and San Martin.